Volcanoes are one of the most awesome natural event and also dangerous natural force in our history. Volcanoes volatility and unreliability have changed our world’s landscape over time and also lives of the people living in their shadows. Volcanoes were the result of an immense heat under the surface of the earth which includes lava and rocks. They are explosive mountains which cause lot of havoc. There are about 20 volcanoes actively erupting around the world and about 50-70 Volcanoes have erupted in the last year or so. There are total of 550 volcanoes that have erupted in all of recorded history. Here comes the list of Top5 Famous volcanoes in the world.
Top5 Famous Volcanoes in the World:
1. Mount Vesuvius
Mount Vesuvius is a somma-stratovolcano located on the Gulf of Naples in Campania, Itlay, about 9 km (5.6 mi) east of Naples and a short distance from the shore. It is the only active volcano on the Europe mainland. Because of eruption in A.D.79 it destroyed the cities of Pompeii and Herculaneum and Vesuvius has erupted more than 50 times. Vesuvius in 2103 was 4,203 feet (1,282 meters) tall and after each eruption, the size of the cone changes. The volcano also has a semicircular ridge called Mount Somma that rises to 3,714 feet (1,132 m) and the valley between the cone and Mount Somma is called Valle del Gigante or Giant’s Valley. Today, Mount Vesuvius is a national park, and attracts many holiday makers.
2.Mount St. Helens
Mount St. Helens is 96 miles (154 km) south of Seattle, Washington, and 50 miles (80 km) northeast of Portland, Oregon. Over the last 500 years, Mount St. Helens has had at least four major explosive eruptions and many minor eruptions. Compared to other volcanoes in the Cascades Mount St. Helens is fairly young geologically speaking because it formed only 40,000 years ago. Mount St. Helens is a large eruptive cone consisting of lava rock inter layered with ash, pumice, and other deposits. Today, the land surrounding Mount St. Helens is rebounding and most of it has been preserved as a part of the Mount St. Helens National Volcanic Monument.
Mount Tambora is an active stratovolcano which is a peninsula of and the highest peak on the island of Sumbawa in Indonesia. Tambora is 340 km north of the Java Trench system and 180-190 km (110-120 mi) above the upper surface of the active north-dipping subduction zone. It was erupted in 1851 which is considered as one of the largest volcanic eruptions in history. The eruption affected the weather all around the world including a “volcanic winter”. During an excavation in 2004, archaeologists discovered cultural remains buried by the 1815 eruption. Mount Tambora also erupted at least three times before 1815, in 3900 BC and 740 AD. A small eruption occurred in 1967 and the Volcano is still active today.
Mount Pinatubo is part of chain of volcanoes which lie along western side of the island of Luzon called the Zambales Mountains. There are 3 other volcanoes in the area where Mount Pinatubo lies namely: Mount Cuadrado, Mount Negron and mount Tayawan. Mount Pinatubo’s eruption on 15th June 1991 was one of the largest volcanic eruptions of the century it was about ten times as powerful as the eruption of Mt St Helens in 1980. The eruption formed a crater lake called Lake Pinatubo and the amount of sulfuric ash it sent into the stratosphere cooled global ground temperatures by 1°F for the next two years.
5.Nevado del Ruiz
Nevado del Ruiz also known as La Mesa de Herveo or Kumanday is a volcano located on the border of the departments of Caldas and Tolima in Colombia, about 129 kilometers (80 mi) west of the capital city Bogota. The volcano is part of Los Nevados National Natural Park, which also contains several other volcanoes. A relatively small eruption in 1985 caused a devastating mud flow that killed almost 25,000 people in the town of Armero, Marking one of the worst volcanic disasters in history after that a series of small explosions occurred at the volcano in 2016. The volcano is part of Los Nevados National Natural Park, which also contains several other volcanoes.
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